Seasons In India
India is the Land of Diversity. Just like its tradition, culture, language, and people, this country has a variety of seasons, each with its uniqueness. According to the Hindu Calendar, there are Six Seasons in India which are as follows – spring, summer, monsoons, early autumn, late autumn & winter.
However, according to the Indian Metrological Department, there are four Seasons In India which are – Winter Season, Summer season, Monsoon Season and Post Monsoon Season.
The intensity of seasons in India varies depending on the region and other factors like topography, latitude, longitude, and many other minor reasons. Moreover, each season occurs at a specific interval and the distinct parts of the country have distinct effects.
In this article, You will know about every season in detail which is listed in the Hindu Calendar as it is considered more useful than others.
List of Seasons in India
1. Spring Season in India
2. Summer Season in India
3. Rainy Season in India
4. Autumn Season in India
5. Post-Winter Season in India
6. Winter Season in India
Now let’s talk about seasons in India in detail
Spring Season In India
The Spring Season in India occurs between the months of mid-February to early April. In this season Flowers blooms, birds chirps and the atmosphere cheers profoundly. The average temperature in Spring is between 30 – 34 degrees.
Spring Season occurs after the chilling season of winters. The days will start to become longer and night shorter. Also, the mercury starts to rise slowly. In this season you will experience extreme sunshine with some showers due to western disturbances.
Significance of Spring Season
In Spring Season, trees get new fresh green leaves. Flowers bloom in this season, thus creating an environment of Perfect Bliss! India’s favorite Fruit, Mango, started to grow with the flowers start appearing on the tree.
Traveling in Spring season in India
Travelers find Spring Season attractive. You can visit Mountains to see snowcapped peaks or can witness colorful valleys filled with flowers. You can also travel to Rajasthan and witness the Gobi Desert as temperatures are not high enough. Well, If you are planning to visit the beaches of Goa then this also the right time for you. You can travel anywhere in India as Climate is awesome in the whole country.
Goa in Springs
Problem Faced by People in Spring Season in India
Most of the problem is faced by farmers due to unseasonal rains caused by western disturbances. Rabi crops mainly wheat suffer damage when unseasonal rains fall on them.
More about Spring Season in India
In the northern part of India, especially in the Northern States, dust storms are frequent. In the southern part, the temperature remains calm.
Also this season marks the end of Rabi season. Rabi crops are those which are grown between the months of October-March. Harvesting of Wheat starts in the whole Country.
Also in this season, two main festivals i.e. HOLI and Vasant Panchami is celebrated across the country.
Holi In India
Now let’s know about Summer Season in India
Summer Season In India
The Summer Season In India occurs between April – June. Summer in India comes after the beautiful Spring Season. It roughly starts from mid-April and lasts till June. In May and June, this season is at its peak. The scorching Sun pulls mercury as high as 50 degrees every year. The main effect of summers is observed in the northern part. This area experiences an average temperature of 38 °C.
Fact- Palodhi in Rajasthan is the Hottest Place in India with a recorded temperature of 51 °C.
Effects of Summer Season in India
In northern parts of the country the temperature increases sharply. All the rivers, streams, ponds dry up in Summers. There is a shortage of water everywhere. Every creature is searching for water and shed in this season. In southern parts, the temperature remains moderate due to the influence of the sea.
Deadly Heatwave, known as Loo flows in the northern parts of the country. Due to this Deadly wave, hundreds of people lose their lives.
In this season, Days are longer, and nights are shorter.
There is less desire in people to eat. It is advised that is this time people should intake more liquids than solids to keep them healthy.
The Uniqueness of Summer Season
Many Fruits like Mango, Watermelon, Musk melon, litchi ripe in this season. Thus in this season, we enjoy a variety of fruits. Apart from fruits we also enjoy our favorite ice-creams as this is the best season to taste them. Also Cold Drinks wet our throats in this season only.
Also, water from rivers, ponds, streams gets evaporated which helps in making clouds and ultimately rain.
Traveling In Summer Season
Summer Season in India is the best season to visit mountains. You can escape the city heat and can have a chill in the mountains. You can visit the states of Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Jammu & Kashmir, Laddakh, etc to escape the heat. Also, you can visit northeastern India to pleasure your mind and soul in this heaty season. The best places to visit are Kullu, Manali, Joshimath, Srinagar, Gangtok, Shimla, etc.
Manali in Summers
Problems Faced By People During Summer Season
There are a variety of problems faced by people in summers. The main problem is the availability of Freshwater. In many parts of the country natural sources of water dry up which results in a shortage of water.
Also the electricity demand increases extensively which results in power cuts. A place without electricity is almost hell.
Farmers did not get water for irrigation as a result only a limited amount of crops grow in this season.
Now let’s know about Rainy or Monsoon Season.
Rainy Season In India
It is the season in which most of the country receives its annual rainfall. After the hot months of Summers, India receives relief from the rain showers. This Rainy season in India starts from July in northern India and from June in some southern states and lasts till September. The average temperature in this season ranges from 30°C – 34 °C.
Fact- Mawsynram, located in the Meghalaya State in India, is the wettest place in the world
Effect of Rainy Season In India
As the rain arrives nature starts to bloom itself after the struggling months of Summers. Tree leaves start to be Green again. The rivers, ponds, streams hold plenty of water. Farmers begin sowing crops in their fields again. Kharif season begins. The climate becomes humid.
Significance of Rainy Season
India is an agrarian economy. Most of its people depend on agriculture for their livelihood. Farmers depend upon monsoon rains for sowing their crops as most of the country lacks irrigation from man-made sources. Thus rain is a vital part of India. Rain also recharges the groundwater level which is a significant source of water in India.
Traveling in Rainy Season in India
It is dangerous to travel in mountain regions during rains as there are frequent incidents of landslides. Many people killed in landslides every year so it is advised not to travel in the mountains.
However, the best place to visit in the rainy season is Kerala. You can visit Waynad, Munnar, Khozikhode and enhance nature’s beauty. You can also visit Udaipur in Rajasthan, Coorg in Karnataka, and Cheerapunji in Meghalaya for refreshing your mind.
Nohkalikai Falls In Cherrapunji
Problems Faced By People During Rainy Season
People face a variety of problems during Rainy Season In India. The main problems are Flood and Diseases. Every Year, Flood occurs in the states(Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Assam,etc.) lies in the planar regions of India. Many people lose their lives and belonging in the floods.
People also suffer from diseases Malaria, Dengue, Chikungunya, Diarrhea, etc. as the vectors get enough places to breed. Many People die from these diseases every year.
Many types of poisonous insects, insects, snakes, scorpions, etc. come out, which can threaten the life of human life.
One common problem faced by people is that they experience stickiness on their skin which is very irritating.
Now let’s talk about Autumn Season in India
Autumn Season In India
The Autumn season usually lasts between September and October. Autumn is the season after the rainy season and before the pre-winter season. During this season, trees shed their leaves.
The average temperature in this season is between 30 to 35 degrees.
This season also witnesses the withdrawal of monsoon and the state of Tamil Nadu receives the majority of rainfall in this season. The days and nights in this season are usually of the same length.
Effect of Autumn Season In India
Clouds depart form skies in this season. Usually, the skies are clear and blue. The environment is soothing as the temperature is moderate.
There is no mud on the roads and the surroundings are clean. Festivals like Dussera, Diwali, and Navratri comes in this season.
All the insects and mites disappear in this season as their breeding places usually dry up.
Traveling in Autumn Season In India
If You want to Travel in India then this is one of the best seasons. Moreover, You can go back to the mountains to attain Peace. As well as you can go to North-East as it is one of the best time to visit there.
Places like Leh, Darjeeling, Wayanad, Mussorie, Gulmarg, Srinagar, Udaipur, Kollam are one of the top places that travelers pack their bags for.
Udaipur in Autumn
Now let’s talk about Pre-Winter Season in India
Pre-Winter Season in India
Pre-Winter is the season before Winter Season. This season starts from November and ends in mid Decembers. During this season Mercury starts to dip slowly in the northern parts of the country and there is a moderately cold environment.
One fascinating thing about this season is that most of the cricket tournaments are organized in this season.
The average temperature in this season is 27 degree Celcius.
Characteristics of Pre-Winter season in India
This season experience moderately cold as there is ample presence of Sun in the sky. Sun keeps average temperature moderate thus suitable for living beings to survive.
Many plants shed their leaves during this season. Also, farmers prepare their land for Rabi crops. As there is a switch in the season most people suffer from a common cold or viral fever.
Traveling in Pre-Winter Season
This season is best for travelers. You can visit the beautiful state of Rajasthan. There you can enjoy the calm and cozy weather. One can visit Udaipur, Jaisalmer, Jodhpur, Jaipur as it is the best time to visit there and enjoy the culture of Rajwadas.
People can also visit the southern part of India mainly Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Goa, etc. This time is best to visit the beaches of Goa and Kerala.
You should not forget to visit North-Eastern states as these states are underrated but give lifelong experience.
Early snowfall occurs in the Himalayan states, so You can visit there to witness snowfall.
Gurudongmor Lake in Sikkim
Now let’s talk about the last season in India which is Winter Season.
Winter Season In India
This season is the chilliest season in India. Winter season in India starts from mid-December and lasts up to mid-February.
The center of high pressure develops in the northern region of the Himalayas and from here the winds start flowing towards the Indian subcontinent.
The average temperature falls as low as 10°C in the northern plains. But the temperature in southern India remains moderate with an average temperature of 18 °C.
Most of the snowfall occurs in mountain regions during this time. The Festival of Christmas is also celebrated in this season.
Drass in Jammu & Kashmir, Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh, Munsiyari in Uttarakhand, Kufri in Himachal Pradesh are some of the coldest places in India during this time. Places like Kufri, Auli have winter sports resorts.
Fact– Dras valley of Kashmir is the coldest inhabited place in India. During the height of winter temperature goes down as low as – 23 degrees Celsius.
Significance of Winter Season
In this season, mountains receive ample snowfall which is the source of water for Perennial Rivers.
Crops like carrot, radish, tomato, peanuts, peas, cabbage taste their own unique taste that is why this season is also very beneficial for health.
People are seen wearing thick woolen clothes. Wollen Industry during this time is at its peak during this winter season.
Many vegetables like Spinach, Kale, Beetroot, Potato grow during the winter season.
People also have a good time enjoying with their families with a cup of tea along with the fire.
Problems Faced By People In Winter Season In India
Many people die due to cold wave in many parts of the country. Due to Pollution, there is a lot of smog in the northern parts of the country. Smog makes difficulty in breathing and promotes respiratory diseases. People with Asthma should super cautious in this period. Moreover, the Chilling climate doesn’t allow people to step out of their homes.
Traveling in Winter Season In India
Many people visit mountains during winters to witness snowfall. Destinations like Auli, Gulmarg, Shimla, Kufri, Kullu Manali are trendy in this season. People should wear enough winter clothes to keep them warm during this season.
All I can say is that Traveling in Winters is very beautiful.
Auli- The Sking Capital Of India
I can say that although definite seasons occur at a definite time interval, due to global warming season patterns have changed slightly. Environmental factors such as wind pressure, the direction of air currents, cloud formation, and man-made factors such as deforestation and pollution, etc contributed to this change.
Also due to large landmass, there is no general pattern of seasons in India.
However, every season in India is celebrated with great joy!
I hope you will like this article on Seasons In India!
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