Flowers are one of the most beautiful creatures in the world and when it comes to the biggest flower in the world, the beauty automatically amplifies!
Did You know there are over 369,000 species of flowering plants in the world! In this post, I summarized the top 10 biggest flowers in the world. So read the full article to know more about these fascinating articles!
Flowers appear to be more pretty when they are in the garden or a bouquet. They are known to improve the overall quality of Life. They boost up the mood and gives happiness.
The aromatic flowers are known to reduce stress, promote creative thinking, and reduce anxieties in people. They are known to make people more optimistic. That’s why they are given to people as gifts.
Flowers are the signs of beauty. With their vivid colors, shapes, and sizes they are considered one of the best creatures on the planet. The natural scents they emit when they bloom are amazing.
However, all of the flowers do not smell good and some of them do not smell at all! Various studies show that some plants and their flowers are known to remove toxins from the air. Thus, they act as a natural air freshener of the room.
People usually come here to know which is the biggest flower in the world? The answer is Rafflesia Arnoldi. Read the full article to know more about flowers.
So, let us know about the biggest flowers in the world and feed our Human Curiosity!
Scientific Name – Nelumbo nucifera
Features – Broad Leaves with Bright Flowers
Growth Requirements – Grown in ponds or lakes where Tropical Climate is present
Uniqueness – It is a symbol of purity, enlightenment, self-regeneration
Region of Occurrence – Mainly In Asia and Australia
Lotus is one of the most recognizable flowers in the world. It is the national flower of India! It is also considered sacred in many traditions and cultures especially in Buddhism and Hinduism.
Lotus needs a warm climate along with shallow waters to grow. They are mostly grown in ponds and lakes by farmers. Lotus Flower cant be grown in winters as it requires sufficient sunlight to grow. Moreover, Lotus can only grow in muddy waters as its roots require deep sludge.
The color of the Lotus holds significance in Indian Culture and Traditions. Pink and White lotuses are considered sacred in Indian Culture and during Diwali, it is given as an offering to Gods.
Lotus has a variety of uses. It is used in Human consumption, traditional medicine, and even in water treatment! Moreover, Lotus contains some thermal stable proteins so they are also used in bio-engineering.
Scientific Name – Magnolia grandiflora
Features – Large Flowers with numerous petals with numerous stamens and carpels arranged spirally
Growth Requirements – Grows best in moist, slightly acid, and well-drained soil
Uniqueness – Magnolia has dark green, oval-shaped evergreen leaves that have a waxy texture.
Region of Occurrence – Mainly Found In Asia and Northern America and West Indies
Magnolias are the first flowering plants in the world. The Fossils of Magnolia Flowers proved that they are present for at least 100 million years on the earth.
Magnolia flower comes in different shapes and sizes. Some of them are relatively small and on the other hand, some of them are big!
Magnolia Flower grows on high fluffy trees with pink, red, white, and Yellow in Colors. Most magnolia flowers have wide bulbs which range from 6 to 8 inches in diameter.
Magnolia doesn’t have real petals and sepals. Instead, they have petals like sepals. Flowers do not produce nectar at all. However, they attract birds and insects with other sweet secretions and fragrances to do pollinate.
Magnolia flower had a variety of uses especially in the field of medicine. Magnolia is used for weight loss, problems with digestion, constipation, inflammation, anxiety, stress, depression, headache, stroke, and asthma.
Scientific Name – Hibiscus rosa-Sinensis
Features – Large Flowers in a trumpet shape with five or more petals
Growth Requirements – Needs moist soil with the tropical climate
Uniqueness – Over 300 Species of Hibiscus are known
Region of Occurrence – Found in Asia, tropical mountains and the Mediterranean region
Hibiscus is one of the largest flowers in the world. You might have noticed it quite often if You live in tropical zones of Asia. They are common Plants that are present in gardens.
Hibiscus is a genus of flowering plants. This flower can be of different sizes and colors. A variety of large Hibiscus is found in North-Eastern India as well. Hibiscus can be as wide as 8 inches in diameter which is as big as a size of Plate!
Hibiscus Family is filled with diversity. The flowers of this family can be of varied colors like Red, Orange, Blue, and White. Some plants blossom seasonally while others are perennial.
HIbiscus are generally found in China, India, and in other Asian Countries.
Hibiscus flowers and other parts of the plant are used to make medicine. People use hibiscus to treat high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and many other conditions. However, there is no good scientific evidence to support most of these uses.
7. Tree Peony
Scientific Name – Paeonia suffruticosa
Features – Perennial Flowers that grow at a height of 1 meter
Growth Requirements – Grows in slightly alkaline soil with proper drainage
Uniqueness – Vibrant Colors, Fragrance, and Unique Tree-like Form
Region of Occurrence – Found in Asia, Africa, and Western North America
Peony Flower comes in different sizes and colors. Its bigger counterpart i.e. the tree peony is unique from others.
Tree Peonies can grow up to 10 feet high with woody without any support. Tree peonies have varied forms, colors, and fragrances. The flowers of the tree peonies are bigger as compared to herby peonies. Tree Peony is one of the biggest flowers in the world.
Tree Peony is native of China and Chinese People use it as medicinal and ornamental purposes. Moreover, Peony is also used as traditional medicine outside China. People widely use Peony to cure respiratory illness, Fever, and cough. Moreover, Peony is also used to heal the cracked skin.
You can watch this short video for more information about this plant
Scientific Name – Helianthus
Features – Sunflowers are coarse, hairy, leafy, and fast-growing plants that grow to a height up to 1.5 meters.
Growth Requirements – Grows in locations with bright Sun
Uniqueness – Large, Bright flowers are known to put a smile on peoples face
Region of Occurrence – Found commonly in Asia, North and South America
Sunflowers are the large Yellow-colored flowers that are found widely in Asia and the Americas. They are widely cultivated for its seed which is used to extract sunflower oil.
Sunflower Oil is a very popular ingredient in cooking. The seeds of the Sunflower can be roasted for direct consumption. It is one of the biggest flowers in the world.
The spectacular size of the flower is enough to bring happiness to people. They are considered weeds because they grow widely along the roadside or empty land.
At least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight is needed for flowers to grow at their maximum size. The Russian variety of Sunflower is one of the biggest varieties that can grow up to 14 inches in diameter and 9 to 12 feet high.
Farming of Sunflower is usually done in Spring Season and the crop is harvested by the end of summer.
Apart from Cooking, Sunflower also has medicinal uses. Sunflower is known to treat Malarial Fever, Arthritis, gastroenteritis, etc.
If we rate Sunflower according to usability then it is the most used largest flower in the world.
5. Puya raimondii
Scientific Name – Pourretia gigantea Raimondi
Features – It is the largest species in the Bromeliaceae, producing tens of thousands of flowers per inflorescence
Growth Requirements – It grows on a high elevation in shrubby or rocky slopes
Uniqueness – Known as the queen of Andes, only grow in Bolivia and Peru
Region of Occurrence – Found in the Andes Mountains of Bolivia and Peru
Puya raimondii is the largest bromeliad species that can grow up to the height of 15m and it is known as the Queen of Andes. This type of plant species can only be found in the High Andes of Bolivia and Peru.
This Flower can reach up to a height of up to 30 meters. Moreover, a single flower can contain 8-12 million seeds per plant.
Huascarán National Park in Peru is the largest reserve of Puna where Puya raimondii can be seen frequently.
There are several species of the bromeliad group but only three species are of Puya raimondii. Puya Raimondi has less genetic diversity and this flower is on the verge of extinction because this plant is not able to adapt to climate change.
4. Neptune Grass
Scientific Name – Posidonia oceanica
Features – Neptune Grass is a marine fanerogama and therefore has flowers and fruit. Neptune Grass leaves are tape-shaped with a width of approximately 1 cm and a length of between 30 and 120 cm.
Growth Requirements – It grows on sandy beds in shallow waters
Uniqueness – It is an ancient seagrass that is native to the Mediterranean Sea
Region of Occurrence – Most commonly is found in the Mediterranean Sea
The Neptune Grass is an ancient seaweed that is present in the world for around 200,000 Years. The belt of this seaweed is extended from Spain to Cyprus. Moreover, this seaweed can also be found on the ocean floors of Australia and the Caribbean Islands.
This fruit of this plant is called Sea Olives. Besides fruit, this plant also has a stem, roots, and big flowers. Neptune Grass blossoms in Autumn.
The leaves of this plant are tape-shaped which measures 1 cm in breadth and its length can go up to as big as 120 cm.
Neptune Grass is known for the oxidation of the ocean floor and it is termed by many biologists as ‘Lungs of Mediterranean’. The presence of Neptune Grass ensures that the quality of Water is Good. Moreover, Neptune grass also provides food for many marine animals.
You can watch this video for a better understanding of Neptune Grass.
3. Talipot Palm
Scientific Name – Corypha umbraculifera
Features – Talipot Palm has been known to reach 100 feet tall with a trunk of up to 3 ½ feet in diameter. The fronds are 12 to 18 feet long.
Growth Requirements – Topical Climatic conditions are required
Uniqueness – They live for 75-80 years. Talipot Palm flowers and fruits just for one time and then it just dies
Region of Occurrence – They are Native to India and are found in India, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, and China
Talipot Plam is one of the largest palm trees in the world. They can grow up to a height of 25 m and the diameter of their stems can grow up to 1.3 m.
Talipot Palms are monocarpic. The Flowers of this palm only grow once in a lifetime of the plant. Talipot Palm is the largest inflorescence plant in the world.
Talipot Palms are natives of South India. They are also found in Sri Lanka. Moreover, they are grown in Cambodia and China.
Talipot Palms have a variety of uses. The sap is used for making Palm Wine. Leaves are used to make umbrellas for agriculture workers. Moreover, Talipot fruits often referred to as Ice Apples, are very tasty to eat.
Growth Requirements – It requires a tropical climate with not that too hot sun!
Uniqueness – The flower is only open for 48 hours which attracts insects for pollination
Region of Occurrence – It grows in equatorial rainforests of Sumatra, Indonesia
Titan Arum is also known as the death flower. It is the largest unbranched inflorescence in the world. Titan Arum blooms only for a very short period (48 hours).
This flower is one of the worst-smelling flowers in the world. When it blooms, it smells like a rotten corpse!
Titan Arum can grow up to a height of 15 m in height and its leave can be as large as 4 m. The tallest Titan Arum ever recorded was 10.2 feet long which makes it the tallest flower in the world.
This flower is listed as Vulnerable in the Red List of threatened plants that is released by IUCN. Due to development activities, its natural habitat is under a threat! This plant can be endangered if serious action won’t be taken in the future.
Scientific Name – Rafflesia Arnoldi
Features – It is a parasitic plant without any root, stem, or leaves.
Growth Requirements – It requires Shadow and an adequate amount of water
Uniqueness – Rafflesia can weigh up to 10 Kgs!
Region of Occurrence – It Is mainly found in Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines
Rafflesia Arnoldi is the biggest, largest flower in the World that has a diameter of over 3 Feet!
Rafflesia is one of the largest living organisms. It smells really bad! like Titan arum. The smell of Rafflesia is similar to a stinking corpse. The smell of Rafflesia is more intense than Titan Arum which makes it one of the worst smelling flowers in the world. It is the official state flower of Indonesia.
It is a parasitic plant which means it has no stems, roots, and leaves. Rafflesia is visible only when it blooms.
It is mainly found in South Asian countries of Indonesia, Malaysia, and, Philipines.
Rafflesia is one of the most endangered plant species in the world. The IUCN classified it as critically endangered. The limited geographic area and heavy deforestation are the prime reason for its extinction.
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